歌舞伎

Kabuki is a Japanese traditional theatre form, which originated in the Edo period at the beginning of the seventeenth century and was particularly popular among townspeople. Originally, both men and women acted in Kabuki plays, but eventually only male actors performed the plays: a tradition that has remained to the present day. Male actors specialized in women’s roles are called onnagata. Two other major role types are aragoto (rough style) and wagoto (soft style). Kabuki plays are about historical events and moral conflict in relationships of the heart. The actors speak in a monotone voice and are accompanied by traditional instruments. The Kabuki stage is equipped with several gadgets, such as revolving stages and trapdoors through which the actors can appear and disappear. Another speciality of the Kabuki stage is a footbridge (hanamichi) that extends into the audience. Important characteristics of Kabuki theatre include its particular music, costumes, stage devices and props as well as specific plays, language and acting styles, such as the mie, in which the actor holds a characteristic pose to establish his character. Keshÿ, the particular make-up, provides an element of style easily recognizable even by those unfamiliar with the art form. After 1868, when Japan opened to Western influence, actors strove to heighten the reputation of Kabuki among the upper classes and to adapt the traditional styles to modern tastes. Today, Kabuki is the most popular of the traditional styles of Japanese drama.

国别 日本 Japan
中文名称歌舞伎
英文名称Kabuki theatre
登录年份2008

发行国家/地区:日本 Japan

歌舞伎
1966 日本 国立剧场开幕 (3-2)
《娘道成寺》
《助六》
《劝进帐》
1970 日本 古典戏剧系列第1集:歌舞伎 (3全)
《镜狮子》(狮子精由六世尾上菊五郎出演)
《本朝二十四孝》(八重垣姬由六世中村歌右卫门出演)
1991 日本 歌舞伎系列第1集 (2全)
《劝进帐》(弁庆由七世松本幸四郎出演)
《毛抜》(粂寺弾正由十一世市川团十郎出演)
1991 日本 歌舞伎系列第2集 (2全)
《吉田屋》(扇屋夕雾由三世中村梅兵卫出演)
《心中天纲岛》(纸屋治兵卫由二世中村鴈治郎出演)
1991 日本 歌舞伎系列第3集 (2全)
《一谷嫩军记》(熊谷次郎直实由初世中村吉右卫门出演)
《寿式三番叟》(翁由十三世片冈仁左卫门出演)
1992 日本 歌舞伎系列第4集 (2全)
《楼门五三桐》(石川五右卫门由二世实川延若出演)
《元禄忠臣蔵》(大石内藏助由出世松本白鸥出演)
1992 日本 歌舞伎系列第5集 (2全)
《藤娘·藤精》(藤精由七世尾上梅幸出演)
《曾我物》(曾我五郎由二尾上松绿出演,曾我十郎由十七世中村勘三郎出演)
1992 日本 歌舞伎系列第6集 (2全)
名称时间邮票
日本的传统文化第1集
62元面值
2018
藤娘「藤の精」
菅原伝授手習鑑 車引「桜丸」
車引「松王丸」二本隈
菅原伝授手習鑑 車引「梅王丸」
廓文章吉田屋「夕霧」
祗園祭礼信仰記 金閣寺「雪姫」
車引「桜丸」むきみ隈
菅原伝授手習鑑 車引「松王丸」
車引「梅王丸」筋隈
壽曽我対面「曽我十郎・五郎」
日本的传统文化第1集
82元面值
2018
助六「揚巻」
「助六」むきみ隈
助六「助六」
鳥居前「狐忠信」火焔隈
義経千本桜 鳥居前「狐忠信」
本朝廿四孝 十種香「武田勝頼」
「仔獅子の精」むきみ隈
連獅子「親獅子の精・仔獅子の精」
「親獅子の精」むきみ隈
本朝廿四孝 十種香「八重垣姫」
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