阿姆斯特丹防线

此防线建成于1883-1920年之间,在阿姆斯特丹四周延伸135公里,是唯一一座为控制水量而建成的防御工事。自从16世纪起,荷兰人民为了防御目的,利用其水利工程技术人员特有的知识,为确保国家中心部分的安全,在坝上建起了45个堡垒,并配有大炮用来防洪,还设有渠和水闸系统。

Extending 135 km around the city of Amsterdam, this defence line (built between 1883 and 1920) is the only example of a fortification based on the principle of controlling the waters. Since the 16th century, the people of the Netherlands have used their expert knowledge of hydraulic engineering for defence purposes. The centre of the country was protected by a network of 45 armed forts, acting in concert with temporary flooding from polders and an intricate system of canals and locks.

国别荷兰 Netherlands
中文名称阿姆斯特丹防线
英文名称Defence Line of Amsterdam
遗产类别文化遗产
登录年份1996
选入标准(ii)(iv)(v)

遗产范围包括:​

IDName & LocationState PartyCoordinatesPropertyBuffer Zone
759-001Fort Near EdamNetherlandsN52 31 4.20
E5 4 3.00
759-002Fort Near Kwadijk (never completed)NetherlandsN52 31 39.10
E4 59 58.70
759-003Fort north of PurmerendNetherlandsN52 32 9.30
E4 57 27.20
759-004Fort along NekkerwegNetherlandsN52 31 41.40
E4 55 41.40
759-005Fort along MiddenwegNetherlandsN52 31 8.50
E4 53 31.80
759-006Fort along JisperwegNetherlandsN52 31 27.50
E4 51 58.70
759-007Fort near SpijkerboorNetherlandsN52 32 27.00
E4 50 27.80
759-008Fort near Marken-BinnenNetherlandsN52 32 1.60
E4 46 53.30
759-009Fort near KrommeniedijkNetherlandsN52 31 2.70
E4 44 36.20
759-010Fort along de HamNetherlandsN52 30 7.50
E4 44 7.80
759-011Fort near VeldhuisNetherlandsN52 29 52.40
E4 42 19.40
759-012Fort along the St. AagtendijkNetherlandsN52 28 39.10
E4 41 1.00
759-013Fort ZuidwijkermeerNetherlandsN52 27 18.20
E4 40 57.00
759-014Fort near VelsenNetherlandsN52 27 50.20
E4 39 58.20
759-015Coastal Fort near IjmuidenNetherlandsN52 27 54.60
E4 34 35.00
759-016Fort north of SpaardamNetherlandsN52 25 23.20
E4 40 43.00
759-017Fort south of SpaardamNetherlandsN52 24 42.70
E4 40 19.80
759-018Fort near PenningsveerNetherlandsN52 23 28.40
E4 40 39.50
759-019Fort near the LiebrugNetherlandsN52 23 5.90
E4 41 16.90
759-020Fort de LiedeNetherlandsN52 22 46.50
E4 41 22.50
759-021Fort Bij HeemstedeNetherlandsN52 20 13.20
E4 37 56.30
759-022Advanced defense at VijfhuizenNetherlandsN52 20 26.70
E4 39 17.90
759-023Fort near VijfhuizenNetherlandsN52 20 51.30
E4 40 13.00
759-024Battery along IjwegNetherlandsN52 19 25.70
E4 40 38.10
759-025Fort near HoofddorpNetherlandsN52 18 8.20
E4 41 5.80
759-026Battery along SloterwegNetherlandsN52 17 10.30
E4 42 12.60
759-027Fort near AalsmeerNetherlandsN52 16 6.30
E4 44 4.40
759-028Fort near KudelstaartNetherlandsN52 14 53.90
E4 45 24.50
759-029Fort near de KwakelNetherlandsN52 14 13.00
E4 47 23.00
759-030Fort along the DrechtNetherlandsN52 13 44.00
E4 48 51.00
759-031Fort near UithoornNetherlandsN52 13 40.00
E4 50 16.00
759-032Fort near Wavel-AmstelNetherlandsN52 14 57.50
E4 52 13.00
759-033Fort in the Waver-Botshol (never completed)NetherlandsN52 15 4.60
E4 54 40.50
759-034Fort along De Winkel (never completed)NetherlandsN52 15 22.00
E4 57 28.00
759-035Fort near AbcoudeNetherlandsN52 16 11.90
E4 58 53.00
759-036Fort near NigtevechtNetherlandsN52 16 31.70
E5 1 2.00
759-037Fort near HinderdamNetherlandsN52 17 2.90
E5 3 32.10
759-038Fort UitermeerNetherlandsN52 17 35.50
E5 4 56.30
759-039Weesp Fortress - Defensive tower on the OssenmarketNetherlandsN52 18 17.10
E5 2 33.50
759-040Muiden FortressNetherlandsN52 19 48.00
E5 4 7.90
759-041Muiden west batteryNetherlandsN52 20 10.60
E5 3 59.80
759-042Fort KijkuitNetherlandsN52 14 9.80
E5 3 30.80
759-043Battery near the IJ before DiemerdamNetherlandsN52 20 34.30
E5 0 49.40
759-044Fort along the PampusNetherlandsN52 21 54.20
E5 4 7.00
759-045Battery near the IJ before DurgerdamNetherlandsN52 22 19.50
E5 0 48.50

主要邮票

发行国家/地区:荷兰 Netherlands

Fort near Spijkerboor
Fort near Pampus
2014 世界遗产 (10-9,10)
  • 欧洲和北美洲/荷兰/阿姆斯特丹防线.txt
  • 最后更改: 12天前
  • 由 青团00