斯特鲁维测地弧

斯特鲁维地理探测弧线是一个三角测量链,北起挪威哈默菲斯特(Hammerfest),南至黑海,弧线穿越十个国家,长2820公里。弧线是天文学家弗里德理西·格奥尔格·威廉·斯特鲁维(Friedrich Georg Wilhelm Struve)于1816至1855年期间进行测量的测量点,代表着人类首次对子午线长短的精确测量。这一测量帮助人类掌握了地球的确切大小和形状,是地球科学和地形绘图学发展中的重要一步。这个弧线不仅是多国科学家通力合作的一个特例,也是多国君主为科学事业联袂协作的一个特例。原始弧线包含258个主要三角形和265个测量站点。列入世界遗产名录的弧有34个原始测量站点,带有各种不同标记,如岩石钻孔、铁十字、堆石标或方尖石碑。

The Struve Arc is a chain of survey triangulations stretching from Hammerfest in Norway to the Black Sea, through 10 countries and over 2,820 km. These are points of a survey, carried out between 1816 and 1855 by the astronomer Friedrich Georg Wilhelm Struve, which represented the first accurate measuring of a long segment of a meridian. This helped to establish the exact size and shape of the planet and marked an important step in the development of earth sciences and topographic mapping. It is an extraordinary example of scientific collaboration among scientists from different countries, and of collaboration between monarchs for a scientific cause. The original arc consisted of 258 main triangles with 265 main station points. The listed site includes 34 of the original station points, with different markings, i.e. a drilled hole in rock, iron cross, cairns, or built obelisks.

遗产范围包括:​

IDName & LocationState PartyCoordinatesAreaDate Inscribed
1187-001FUGLENAES Fuglenes
Hammerfest, Finnmark, Norway
NorwayN70 40 12.00 E23 39 48.00Property: 0.075 Ha
Buffer zone: 0.15 Ha
2005
1187-002LILLE-REIPAS Raipas
Alta, Finnmark, Norway
NorwayN69 56 19.00 E23 21 37.00Property: 0.01 Ha
Buffer zone: 0.1 Ha
2005
1187-003LOHDIZHJOKKI Luvdiidcohkka
Kautokeino, Finnmark, Norway
NorwayN69 39 52.00 E23 36 8.00Property: 0.01 Ha
Buffer zone: 0.1 Ha
2005
1187-004BÄLJATZ-VAARA Baelljasvarri
Kautokeino, Finnmark, Norway
NorwayN69 1 43.00 E23 18 19.00Property: 0.01 Ha
Buffer zone: 0.1 Ha
2005
1187-005PAJTAS-VAARA Tynnyrilaki
Kiruna, Norrbottens län, Sweden
SwedenN68 15 18.00 E22 58 59.00Property: 0.01 Ha
Buffer zone: 0.1 Ha
2005
1187-006KERROJUPUKKA Jupukka
Pajala, Norrbottens län, Sweden
SwedenN67 16 36.00 E23 14 35.00Property: 0.01 Ha
Buffer zone: 0.1 Ha
2005
1187-007PULLINKI Pullinki
Övertorneå, Norrbottens län, Sweden
SwedenN66 38 47.00 E23 46 55.00Property: 0.01 Ha
Buffer zone: 0.1 Ha
2005
1187-008PERRA-VAARA Perävaara
Haparanda, Norrbottens län, Sweden
SwedenN66 1 5.00 E23 55 21.00Property: 0.01 Ha
Buffer zone: 0.1 Ha
2005
1187-009STUOR-OIVI Stuorrahanoaivi
Enontekiö, Lapin lääni, Finland
FinlandN68 40 57.00 E22 44 45.00Property: 0.0314 Ha
Buffer zone: 0.1964 Ha
2005
1187-010AVASAKSA Aavasaksa
Ylitornio, Lapin lääni, Finland
FinlandN66 23 52.00 E23 43 31.00Property: 0.0079 Ha
Buffer zone: 0.7854 Ha
2005
1187-011TORNEA Alatornion kirkko
Tornio, Lapin lääni, Finland
FinlandN65 49 48.00 E24 9 26.00Property: 0.16 Ha
Buffer zone: 1.93 Ha
2005
1187-012PUOLAKKA Oravivuori
Korpilahti, Länsi-Suomen lääni, Finland
FinlandN61 55 36.00 E25 32 1.00Property: 0.0079 Ha
Buffer zone: 0.09 Ha
2005
1187-013PORLOM II Tornikallio
Lapinjärvi, Etelä-Suomen lääni, Finland
FinlandN60 42 17.00 E26 0 12.00Property: 0.0079 Ha
Buffer zone: 0.1257 Ha
2005
1187-014SVARTVIRA Mustaviiri
Pyhtää, Etelä-Suomen lääni, Finland
FinlandN60 16 35.00 E26 36 12.00Property: 0.0079 Ha
Buffer zone: 0.5027 Ha
2005
1187-015MÄKI-PÄÄLYS Mäkipällys
Kingisepp, Leningrad Oblast, Russian Federation
Russian FederationN60 4 27.00 E26 58 11.00Property: 0.00055 Ha
Buffer zone: 1.54 Ha
2005
1187-016HOGLAND, Z Gogland, Tochka Z
Kingisepp, Leningrad Oblast, Russian Federation
Russian FederationN60 5 7.00 E26 57 40.00Property: 0.00126 Ha
Buffer zone: 1.54 Ha
2005
1187-017WOIBIFER Võivere
Avanduse, Lääne-Viru, Estonia
EstoniaN59 3 28.00 E26 20 16.00Property: 0.01 Ha
Buffer zone: 0.5 Ha
2005
1187-018KATKO Simuna
Avanduse, Lääne-Viru, Estonia
EstoniaN59 2 54.00 E26 24 51.00Property: 0.01 Ha
Buffer zone: 0.5 Ha
2005
1187-019DORPAT Tartu Observatory
Tartu, Tartu, Estonia
EstoniaN58 22 44.00 E26 43 12.00Property: 0.12 Ha
Buffer zone: 0.5 Ha
2005
1187-020SESTU-KALNS Ziestu
Sausneja, Region of Madona, Latvia
LatviaN56 50 24.00 E25 38 12.00Property: 0.01 Ha
Buffer zone: 1.3 Ha
2005
1187-021JACOBSTADT Jekabpils
Town Jekabpils, Region Jekabpils, Latvia
LatviaN56 30 5.00 E25 51 24.00Property: 0.0002 Ha
Buffer zone: 0.12 Ha
2005
1187-022KARISCHKI Gireišiai
Panemunelis, Northern Lithuania, Lithuania
LithuaniaN55 54 9.00 E25 26 12.00Property: 0.01 Ha
Buffer zone: 0.1 Ha
2005
1187-023MESCHKANZI Meškonys
Nemencine, Eastern Lithuania, Lithuania
LithuaniaN54 55 51.00 E25 19 0.00Property: 0.01 Ha
Buffer zone: 0.1 Ha
2005
1187-024BERESNÄKI Paliepiukai
Nemežis, Eastern Lithuania, Lithuania
LithuaniaN54 38 4.00 E25 25 45.00Property: 0.01 Ha
Buffer zone: 0.1 Ha
2005
1187-025TUPISCHKI Tupishki
Oshmyany, Grodno Oblast, Belarus
BelarusN54 17 30.00 E26 2 43.00Property: 0.0023 Ha
Buffer zone: 0.01 Ha
2005
1187-026LOPATI Lopaty
Zelva, Grodno Oblast, Belarus
BelarusN53 33 38.00 E24 52 11.00
1187-027OSSOWNITZA Ossovnitsa
Ivanovo, Brest Oblast, Belarus
BelarusN52 17 22.00 E25 38 58.00Property: 0.0023 Ha
Buffer zone: 0.01 Ha
2005
1187-028TCHEKUTSK Chekutsk
Ivanovo, Brest Oblast, Belarus
BelarusN52 12 28.00 E25 33 23.00Property: 0.0023 Ha
Buffer zone: 0.01 Ha
2005
1187-029LESKOWITSCHI Leskovichi
Ivanovo, Brest Oblast, Belarus
BelarusN52 9 39.00 E25 34 17.00Property: 0.0023 Ha
Buffer zone: 0.01 Ha
2005
1187-030RUDY Rudi
Rudi, Soroca Judetul, Republic of Moldova
Republic of MoldovaN48 19 8.00 E27 52 36.00Property: 0.0023 Ha
Buffer zone: 0.1 Ha
2005
1187-031KATERINOWKA Katerinowka
Antonivka, Khmelnytskiy region, Ukraine
UkraineN49 33 57.00 E26 45 22.00Property: 0.0036 Ha
Buffer zone: 0.01 Ha\\
2005
1187-032FELSCHTIN Felschtin
Hvardiiske, Khmelnytskiy region, Ukraine
UkraineN49 19 48.00 E26 40 55.00Property: 0.0025 Ha
Buffer zone: 0.01 Ha
2005
1187-033BARANOWKA Baranowka
Baranivka, Khmelnytskiy region, Ukraine
UkraineN49 8 55.00 E26 59 30.00Property: 0.001 Ha
Buffer zone: 0.004 Ha
2005
1187-034STARO-NEKRASSOWKA Stara Nekrasivka
Nekrasivka, Odessa region, Ukraine
UkraineN45 19 54.00 E28 55 41.00Property: 0.0025 Ha
Buffer zone: 0.012 Ha
2005

主要邮票

发行国家/地区:白俄罗斯 Belarus

斯特鲁维测地弧
2007 白俄罗斯 斯特鲁维测地弧 (1MS全)
左下:斯特鲁维测地弧
2014 白俄罗斯 加入教科文组织60周年 (1全)
斯特鲁维测地弧
2017 白俄罗斯 斯特鲁维测地弧 (1MS全)
发行国家/地区:爱沙尼亚Estonia
名称时间邮票
Tartu大学300周年1932
Tartu大学的天文观测台(老观测台)DORPAT Tartu Observatory
斯特鲁维测地弧2011
斯特鲁维测地弧,上图为天文学家斯特鲁维像Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve,下图为Tartu大学的天文观测台(新观测台)DORPAT Tartu Observatory
Tartu大学天文观测台150周年2015
Tartu大学的天文观测台(老观测台)DORPAT Tartu Observatory
发行国家/地区:芬兰Finland
名称时间邮票
斯特鲁维测地弧2011
斯特鲁维测地弧
发行国家/地区:拉脱维亚Latvia
名称时间邮票
斯特鲁维测地弧2011
斯特鲁维测地弧
发行国家/地区:立陶宛Lithuania
名称时间邮票
世界遗产2009
斯特鲁维测地弧
斯特鲁维测地弧
发行国家/地区:摩尔多瓦Republic of Moldova
名称时间邮票
天文学家斯特鲁维诞生215周年2008
邮票图为Rudi Geodetic Point
斯特鲁维测地弧2016
斯特鲁维测地弧,邮票图中建筑为Rudi Geodetic Point
发行国家/地区:瑞典Sweden
名称时间邮票
斯特鲁维测地弧2011
斯特鲁维测地弧

相关邮票

发行国家/地区:苏联Soviet Union
名称时间邮票
重建Pulkovo天文台1954
斯特鲁维(中)

1)

天文学家斯特鲁维逝世100周年1964
斯特鲁维

发行国家/地区:其他国家和地区

斯特鲁维地理探测弧线
2011 联合国 世界遗产 (6-6)

1)
注: Pulkovo天文台不在遗产范围
  • 欧洲和北美洲/乌克兰/斯特鲁维测地弧.txt
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